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IAEA chief calls North Korean actions 'troubling'

09 April, 2013

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TOKYO: Japan has ordered its armed forces to shoot down any North Korean missile headed towards its territory, a defence ministry spokesman said on Monday as speculation grows Pyongyang may fire one this week.

Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera issued the order, which will see Aegis destroyers equipped with sea-based interceptor missiles deployed in the Sea of Japan, the defence official said.

The official, who was speaking on condition of anonymity, said the order, which was issued Sunday, was routine and was being kept low-key.

'We won't hold press conferences on this order because of Japan's policy principle that we will not be swayed by North Korean provocations.

'If we announce this publicly and explain in details, North Korea will get to know part of our strategy,' the spokesman told AFP.

The order came as a top South Korean security official said on Sunday that North Korea may test-launch a missile this week, while the United States has delayed its own missile test because of soaring tensions on the peninsula.

Kim Jang-Soo, chief national security adviser to President Park Geun-Hye, said a test-launch or other provocation could come before or after Wednesday, the date by which the North has suggested that diplomats leave Pyongyang.

North Korea, incensed by UN sanctions following its nuclear and missile tests and by South Korean-US military drills, has issued a series of apocalyptic threats of nuclear war in recent weeks.

It has also reportedly loaded two medium-range missiles on mobile launchers and hidden them in underground facilities near its east coast, fuelling fears of an imminent launch that may further escalate tensions.

North Korea also gave an evacuation advisory to some foreign embassies in the capital Pyongyang, warning it could not guarantee their safety after April 10 if a conflict broke out, although most appeared to be staying put.

Sunday's order is similar to those Japan's defence ministry has issued three times in the past — in April 2009 and in April and December last year — when North Korea launched what it called a satellite.

But this is the first time that an order has been issued before Pyongyang has announced any actual launch.

'There is not a high possibility that the missile would target Japan, but we have determined we should prepare for any contingency,' a government source told Kyodo news agency.

Meanwhile, the UN atomic watchdog chief on Monday called North Korea's drive to restart a nuclear site "troubling" and said his team could not detect whether the regime planned a new nuclear test due to a lack of access.

Yukiya Amano, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said the watchdog had observed Pyongyang's efforts to rebuild parts of its Yongbyon nuclear site amid a showdown with South Korea and the United States.

"That is very troubling because they are against United Nations Security Council resolutions," Amano told reporters at a conference on nuclear policy held by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington.

Amano said the IAEA had little knowledge of North Korean activities and relied largely on satellites since Pyongyang kicked out the agency's staff in 2009.

"Our knowledge on the activities of North Korea is rather limited. I cannot speculate when and if North Korea will conduct another nuclear test," Amano said.

South Korea said earlier that North Korea appeared to be preparing its fourth nuclear test, as well as a missile launch. But South Korean officials later backtracked, saying activities at the North's Punggye-ri test site were routine.


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